What is it for?
- Improves body contour by removing unwanted fat deposits
What does it mean?
- Liposuction, lipoplasty or liposculpture corresponds to a surgical procedure with aspiration of fat through the introduction of cannulas by small holes in the skin. It allows reducing the volume of body fat, provided that in moderate amounts, because the counterpart is excess skin and subsequent sagging if too much is aspirated. It must therefore be performed by an accredited plastic surgeon, and should not be considered in a simplistic way, as some may wish to believe.
- Liposuction is not, therefore, a substitute for cases where there is excess/redundancy of skin, hence open surgery techniques such as abdominoplasty, brachioplasty or facelift will be better indicated. It serves to resolve some accumulated fat deposits "resistant" to diet and weight loss, within the expected range of elasticity and retraction of the skin in the postoperative period. For this, it is desirable that the patient presents a balanced weight, if not very close to the ideal.
- Control of blood loss and postoperative analgesia are also important, and this is why our team uses infiltration of saline solution with anaesthetic and adrenaline before aspiration of fat, as it increases the safety of the procedure and reduces blood loss.
- The most common sites for liposuction are the belly and flanks, upper arms, back, side of the buttocks/hip, thighs, knees and legs and the neck jowls
- The aspirated fat can be treated and reintroduced in other areas of the body in order to increase its volumes and improve aesthetics, such as enlarging the buttocks, breast, or as a filler for the face or the female genital region (labia majora)
- It depends on the areas to be aspirated and if fat grafting is planned. It can vary from 1h to 3h30
Other procedures that can be associated
- Abdominoplasty, breast augmentation, breast reduction, breast lift, face lift, neck lift, fat grafting (lipofilling)
Type of anaesthesia
- Small scars disguised in naturally pleated/wrinkled areas
- If applied to small areas, it can be performed in an outpatient clinic, or with 1 day of hospitalization in more complex procedures
- You can return to work in 2-3 days and resume physical activity at 4 weeks. Depending on the liposuctioned areas, there may be a need for specific compressive clothing (indicated by our team)
Most frequent problems and risks
- In the first days, swelling, sensitivity to touch, drainage through the cannula orifices. Skin flaccidity may also occur, hyper- or hypo-correction, hematoma, irregularities. There are also less frequent risks of fluid retention and/or excessive loss of blood and fluid and rarely pulmonary embolism in the postoperative period
- Usually the effect lasts for many years. The areas aspirated, due to the fibrosis that is formed, are less likely to re-accumulate fat, compared to non-liposuctioned zones